Today sports emerge as multi billion dollar industry. The structural development of sports took place over the last 150 years. The state has an important role to play for the development of sports in any country. Active participation in sports reduces heath hazards, reduces the medical expenditure and encourages team work, coordination and cooperation. It also helps to create social networks. Sport can be considered as a platform to gain nation pride at the international level, to generate employment, to build infrastructure, to attract foreign tourist and therefore foreign capital. It can be said that sport contributes to the social development as well as the economic development of a country and therefore the role of state for the promotion and development of sports is important.
1982 was a landmark year in Indian sports when India organizes the Asian Games. Prior to 1982, hardly any emphasis had been given to sports in Public Policies. Funds had been allocated to sports in different Five Year Plans, mainly for building infrastructure and nurturing talents at the grass root level.